On-farm Irrigation Project, implementation period – 2001-2008. The project consists of 3 components:
Project goal: Increase crop production through stable and reliable water distribution in 120,000 ha of irrigated lands in all the provinces of the republic.
Formation and strengthening of viable Water Users Associations (WUA), which could assume the maintenance of on-farm irrigation infrastructure earlier belonging to kolkhozes and sovkhozes.
Physical rehabilitation and restoration of on-farm irrigation and collector-drainage infrastructure for guaranteed irrigation water supply to farmers in the project area of 120,000 ha.
There are 462 WUAs, of which 451 are officially registered. The number of members in 462 WUAs is 175,157 people.
The area of irrigated lands served by WUAs is 712,000 ha, which accounts for 70% of the total irrigated lands in the republic.
Training courses were developed and organized for WUAs on the following themes: “WUA formation and development”, “Management and administration”, “Financial management, operation and maintenance of structures”, “Water use”, “Monitoring and assessment”, “Legal framework for WUA activities”. Assistance is provided to WUAs in drawing up yearly plans for operation and maintenance, including costs and establishing irrigation service fees.
For the implementation period, 1063 km of irrigation canals were repaired, 142 km of collector-drainage network were cleaned and repaired, 429 gauging stations were constructed, 2299 outlets and other structures were installed at canals. Water availability was raised in 106,200 ha of irrigated lands. 121,418 ha of irrigated lands were covered by rehabilitation.
Due to a rapid growth in prices for construction work during the past 3 years, the project faced a challenge to address the deficiency of funds to complete the work. In some cases, it was difficult to carry out rehabilitation work owing to weakness of contractors.
In the republic, 35 Water Councils with an area of 228,000 ha of irrigated lands were established. The activities of public Water Councils are mainly aimed at addressing conflict situations between individuals on water distribution, agreeing water rotation and water supply schedule, and considering issues related to operation and maintenance of inter-farm part of canals in hydro-geographic zone. Water Councils are involved in raising grant funds from donors for repair and cleaning of Specific canals and structures. Altogether 13 Water User Association Unions (Federations) with an area of 115,338 ha of irrigated lands were legally registered in the republic.
As experience has shown, during their formation and development WUAs face a number of problems and drawbacks as follow:
Inflation, especially for construction materials, should be considered in cost determination of repair work.
It is necessary to popularize the positive experience of WUA formation and development via electronic communications and mass media; it may be necessary to create a website of the project. Prepared training material may be disseminated.
Training should be organized for women on WUA management, leadership skills, agrotechnical practices and so on.
Contractor: “Kyzyl-Kiya TSK" Limited Company
Cost of work: 9.8 million soms, increase of the cost up to 10.5 million soms.
Construction period: 27 March 2006 – 1 April 2008.
“Besh-Baatyr” WUA. Head intake structure at Zhin-Zhigen canal